Nothing could dim the spirit of Muslims around the world in celebrating and rejoicing in the coming month of Ramadan 1442 Hjri. This most awaited month is certainly a special moment for Muslims to refocus on spiritual and faith enhancement in order to tawakal (surrender) to Allah SWT. This month full of blessings is celebrated with lots of praying, fasting, and Silaturrahim (strengthening of relationships with relatives or friends) until it finishes at its peak, Eid al-Fitr which is called Idul Fitri or Lebaran in Indonesian.
Now, because Ramadan 2021 is about to begin, it is important for each of us to know basic information during the month of Ramadan such as prayer times, Qibla, and Dua. Therefore, HalalTrip made this Ramadan 2021 microsite just for you and for your convenience while doing your obligation in the month of Ramadan. Your Ramadan 2021 basic information is just one click away!
This year, 1 Ramadan 1442 H falls on Tuesday, 13th April 2021.
This stipulation was made based on the results of the calculation of the essential form of the new moon guided by the Tarjih Council and the Tajdid PP Muhammadiyah based on the Decree of the Muhammadiyah Central Executive Number 01 / MLM / I.0 / E / 2021 concerning Determination of the Results of Hisab Ramadhan, Syawal, and Zulhijah 1442 Hjri.
Tarawih will be carried out on the night of Monday, 12th April 2021 and fasting will commence on Tuesday morning, 13th April 2021.
Based on Muhammadiyah's calculation, the ijtima (geocentric conjunction) before Shawwal 1442 H will occur on Wednesday, 12th May 2021. Thus, Ramadan 1442 Hjri in Indonesia will end on the evening of Wednesday, 12th May 2021. Thus, the last Tarawih of Ramadan 1442 H will be held on Tuesday, 11th May 2021.
Are you ready? Click here for Ramadan 1442 Hjri Countdown
Salat on time during Ramadan 2021 because you always know when the time is by clicking this link or downloading HalalTrip app on your mobile phone!
On the go? Or confused about where the Qibla is? Click on this link or download the Halaltrip app on your mobile phone now!
Laylatul Qadar is considered the holiest night of the year. This night is when the first verse of the Quran was revealed to prophet Muhammad S.A.W. Due to its importance, the Quran chapter 97 is completely dedicated to this night:
“Indeed, We sent the Qur'an down during the Night of Decree. And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace is until the emergence of dawn.” Surah Al-Qadr [97:1-5].
The precise night in which Laylatul-Qadr occurs has never been mentioned. Sunni Muslims believe it occurs on the 27th night, while Shia Muslims believe that it is the 23rd night. It is also believed to occur in the last 10 days of Ramadan, on an odd date.
Therefore, if referring to the Muhammadiyah calculation that the beginning of the fasting month of Ramadan 1442 or 2021 falls on Tuesday, April 13, 2021, then the search for Laylatul-Qadr can commence between 3rd – 12th May 2021.
Based on Muhammadiyah calculation, since Ramadan 1442 Hjri in Indonesia will end in the evening of Wednesday, 12th May 2021, 1 Shawwal 1442 H or Eid al-Fitr will fall on Thursday, 13th May 2021.
Indonesian Muslims fast for 30 days in Ramadan 1442 H. Counting from the first day to the last day of Ramadan, 13th April 2021 to 12th May 2021.
The fasting period for each day will last around 13 hours and 15 minutes per day, taking the time between Fajr and Maghrib in Indonesia.
Mosques or Masjids in Indonesia remain open during Ramadan despite the pandemic, while following the existing government protocols. For example, the Istiqlal Mosque in Jakarta set out a regulation that limits the number of congregations to a maximum of 2,000 people from a maximum capacity of 200,000 people to maintain physical distancing. Make sure to follow health protocols during Ramadan to stay safe!
The HalalTrip app and website can help you find all mosques near you.
Bimas Islam (Islamic Community Guidance) of the Indonesian Republic Ministry of Religious Affairs has set out the official schedule of Sahur, Imsak, and Iftar (Buka) in Indonesia of Ramadan 1441 H / 2020. The schedule can be downloaded by clicking here. Alternatively, create your own downloadable prayer timetable and more on our all-in-one Ramadan microsite!
Is it the time for Sahur or Iftar already and you have not got the time to cook? No worries! There are many platforms that provide this service in Indonesia! Just order via the Food Delivery Services application below!
GrabFood: Grabfood provides an option where you can only filter and search Halal restaurants only. You can order a range of Halal restaurants near your area and have it delivered to you in minutes.
GoFood: GoFood claims to be the largest food delivery service in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia. Therefore, you can find a variety of foods with this application, including Halal food.
Make sure the food you eat for your Iftar is healthy, nutritious, and Halal! Click here to see the lists of Halal Restaurants near you, or download HalalTrip on your mobile phone! You surely do not want to regret it.
Dhikr: Even though it is a sunnah practice, Dhikr must be considered important. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has ordered people to do Dhikr as what the Holy Qur’an said:
“O, believers! Always remember Allah often, and glorify Him morning and evening.” Surah Al-Ahzab [33:41-42].
Zakat and Sadaqah: During Ramadan, we can increase our Pahala by doing the acts of kindness, such as Zakat or Sadaqah. Zakat is an obligatory practice for Muslims and it is included as one of the five pillars of Islam. Furthermore, Sadaqah is a voluntary charity.
تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ، وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ، ذَرْهَ
"Worship Allah SWT perfectly, avoid syirik, establish prayers, pay zakat, and maintain silaturahim with parents and relatives." (Narrated by HR. Bukhari).
Even though we are currently hit by COVID -19 pandemic, and because of that there are so many protocols and prohibitions that we have to obey related to returning to our hometown, do not make it an excuse to avoid the sunnah of silaturahim. We can do it online, either via video call or telephone to stay safe!
Other than that, Indonesians also practice Ziarah which is good to be done before or after Ramadan.
Read, recite and get a deeper understanding of the Holy Quran: In Islam, reading Al Quran is worship. Every worship in the month of Ramadan gets multiple rewards. As a hadith says below:
مَنْ قَرَأَ حَرْفًا مِنْ كِتَابِ اللَّهِ فَلَهُ بِهِ حَسَنَةٌ وَالْحَسَنَةُ بِعَشْرِ أَمْثَالِهَا لاَ أَقُولُ الم حرْفٌ وَلَكِنْ أَلِفٌ حَرْفٌ وَلاَمٌ حَرْفٌ وَمِيمٌ حَرْفٌ
"Whoever reads one letter from the Quran, for him one goodness with the reading, one goodness is multiplied into 10 goodness for example and I do not say" alif lam mim "one letter but Alif one letter, Laam one letter and Miim one letter" (Narrated by HR. Tirmidhi and confirmed in the book Sahih Al Jami ', no. 6469).
Those are all the questions that people frequently ask during the month of Ramadan in Indonesia. Do you have any other questions in mind? Be sure to download HalalTrip to find out more!