A Comprehensive Guide: The Common Islamic Terms

By Arwa Munnaverali | 20, Jan, 2021
A Comprehensive Guide: The Common Islamic Terms

The accompanying lists comprise concepts that are gotten from both Islamic and Arab conventions, which are communicated as words in the Arabic language. The principal reason for this rundown of some of the most used Islamic and Arabic words is to disambiguate mischaracterization of the idea and meanings behind the words and to serve as some form of guidance, Insha Allah!

The words are natively in Arabic and are written in their very own letters in order, with letters, images, and orthographic. Some Arabic words do not have definite counterparts in the Latin letter set. The below list contains transliterations of Arabic terms and expressions.

 

Common Islamic and Arabic Terms

1. What does Adab mean?

Generally, depicts great habits, as in behavior. For instance, being gracious is a great adab. In any case, the term can be utilized in all respects extensively, and the correct interpretation would be "the best possible approach to something”. Auxiliary importance of Adab is " literature".

 

2. What does Adhān mean?

Call to salat (supplication), sometimes spelled and articulated as Azan, Athan, and Adhan.

 

3. What does Alayhi -s-Salām mean?

"Peace be upon him " This articulation ordinarily trails after naming a prophet (other than Muhammad), or one of the honorable Angels (for example Jibreel (Gabriel), Meekaal (Michael), and so on.)

 

4. What does Al-ḥamdu lillāh mean?

"Praise be to God!" Quranic denotation and similar connotation as hallelujah.

 

5. What does Allah mean?

Allah is the standard Arabic word for God and is utilized by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews just as by Muslims regardless of their local tongue. Allah is the pivot of the Muslim confidence. The Islamic expression for God. Allah is the maker of the universe. He is benevolent, valuable, defensive, strong, a provider, the ruler, all-knowing, all observing, and wise. The Qur'an states 99 trademark names for Allah.

 

6. What does Allāhu Akbar mean?

"God is Greater (than anything or anybody, possible or incredible)" Islamic articulation. Arabic for "Allah is most incredible," or "God is extraordinary." It is utilized like a call to prayer.

 

7. What does Ālim mean?

One who knows. A teacher (in any field of learning); a researcher (who knows science) or a scholar (who knows religion); like a Japanese sensei, "instructor".

 

8. What does Amīr ul-Muʾminīn mean?

"Commander of the Faithful". In some advanced nations like Morocco, an Amīr ul-Muʾminīn or Commander of the devoted is the religious chief.

 

9. What does As-Salāmu Alaykum mean?

The Islamic acknowledgment; " Peace be upon you ". The reaction to this welcome is Wa-Alaykum as-Salām Wa-Raḥmatullāhi Wa-Barakātuhu - "And on you be the Peace and Mercy of God and His Blessing" A general welcome in Islamic culture.

 

10. What does Astaghfir Allah mean?

Looking for pardoning from God. Islamic articulation.

 

11. What does Barakah mean?

Means benediction or heavenly grace.

 

12. What does Baitullāh mean?

A mosque, "House of God". Explicitly implies the Ka’ba at Mecca.

 

13. What does B.B.H.N. mean?

Blessed be His Name – abbreviation for S.A.W. See P.B.U.H (Peace Be Upon Him).

 

14. What does Bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm mean?

"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful". An expression presented before doing any action.

 

15. What is Caliph?

The successor of Muhammad P.B.U.H. to lead the Muslims.

 

16. What does Dua mean?

In Islam, dua is a prayer of supplication or solicitation. Muslims view this as a significant demonstration of love and as an act of worship. Early Muslims took extraordinary consideration to record the supplications of Muhammad and his family and transmit them to ensuing ages.

 

17. What does Dunya mean?

The physical Universe, rather than the Hereafter; often spelled as Dunia.

 

18. What is Eid al-Fitr?

Signifies the finish of Ramadan, the Islamic heavenly month of fasting (sawm). It is a day of merriment, a festival, and a feast.

 

19. What does Fajr mean?

Morning prayers conducted early in the morning. The time when there is light in the skyline before dawn.

 

20. What is Hadith?

Hadith is an accumulation of Muhammad's truisms and deeds, which is ordinarily instructed as a piece of Islamic religious philosophy. Hadiths are clarifications and understandings of Muhammad's living model. Hadith provide guidance on everything from subtleties of religious commitments, (for example, Ghusl or Wudu, ablutions for salat prayers), to the right types of greetings and the significance of generosity to slaves.

 

21. What does Hafiz mean?

Somebody who knows the Qur'an by heart. Precise interpretation is Memorizer or Protector.

 

22. What is Hajj?

Hajj is a yearly Islamic journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims, and a compulsory religious obligation for Muslims that must be done in any event once in their lifetime by every single grown-up Muslim who is physically and monetarily fit for undertaking the adventure.

You can learn more about Hajj here.

 

23. What does Ḥalāl mean?

Halal sometimes spelled hallal or halaal, is an Arabic word that translates to "permissible" in English.

The term halal is especially connected with Islamic dietary laws, and particularly meat processed and arranged as per those necessities.

 

24. What does Haram mean?

Haram means forbidden in Arabic. It can be referred to as a particular subject being haram in Islam but can also be used differently. An example would be Haramyn which is the dual form of the word Haram, referring to the two holiest cities in Islam; Mecca and Medina.

 

25. What Hijab mean?

Accurately meaning as “cover”. It depicts the covering of the body for the motivations behind humility and pride; comprehensively, a recommended arrangement of frames of mind and conduct regarding modesty and respect.

 

26. What does Imam mean?

A leader; for example, a man who leads the Muslim community or leads the prayer; the Shi'a faction utilizes the term just as a title for one of the twelve Allah-designated successors of Muhammad.

 

27. What does Insha’Allah mean?

" If God wills"; Inshallah is surrendered, tolerating, unbiased, detached. It is neither hopeful nor negative.

 

28. What does Islam mean?

The Arabic root word for Islam implies acquiescence, harmony, and immaculateness.

 

29. What is Iftar?

Iftar is the night feast with which Muslims end their everyday Ramadan fast at dusk. They break their fast at the time of the call to prayer during the time of maghrib. This is their second feast of the day; Suhur being the first.

 

30. What is Jahannam?

Translates to Hell.

 

31. What is Jannah?

Translates to Paradise, Heaven.

 

32. What is Jihad?

This is a battle or exertion in the name of God. Jihad is a commonly misinterpreted word. The extraordinary jihad is the internal battle against the interests. The lesser jihad is a guarded or legitimate war, to ensure the protection of Islam. It is erroneously called heavenly war. Jihad is the Muslim commitment to endeavor to instruct, clarify, spread, and secure the message of Islam.

 

33. What is Jinn?

These are concealed or otherworldly creatures who are required to pursue the orders of Allah and are responsible for their deeds. Like people, they are enabled to pick between good and bad.

 

34. What is Jumu’ah?

The weekly congregation prayers held at mosques every Friday.

 

35. What is Kaaba?

A cubic stone construction where the black stone is kept. Situated in the focal point of the Great Mosque at Mecca, Muslims accept that it was the principal place of worship erected by Prophet Adam, which was later reproduced by Prophet Abraham and Prophet Isma'il. It is additionally spelled Ka’aba or Kaaba.

 

36. What does Lā ilāha illā-llāh mean?

"There is no God but God" The most significant articulation in Islam. It is a piece of the primary pillar of Islam. As indicated by Islam, this is the message of the Prophets, for example, Abraham A.S., Moses A.S., Jesus A.S., and Muhammad S.A.W..

 

37. What is Madrasah?

Madrasah is the Arabic word for an educational organization, or religion (of any religion), regardless of whether for rudimentary guidance or higher learning. In the West, the word often alludes to a kind of religious school or school for the study of the Islamic religion, however, this may not be the main subject examined.

 

38. What is Maghrib?

The fourth salat prayer of the day.

 

39. What does Mā shāʾallāh mean?

It translates to "Allah has willed it".

 

40. What is Masjid?

Location for prayer; mosque. A mosque is a dwelling of worship for Muslims. Mosque structures commonly contain a decorative specialty (mihrab) set into the divider that shows the course of Mecca (qiblah), ablution amenities, and minarets from which calls to prayers are issued. Mosques normally have separate sections for men and women. This fundamental example of association has accepted various structures relying upon the locale, time frame, and division.

 

41. What is Mecca?

The holiest city in Islam located in present-day Saudi Arabia.

 

42. What is Medina?

Known as "city"; this city was called Yathrib and was situated around 200 km north of Mecca. This was the main city that was set up under the pennant of Islam. It is also located in present-day Saudi Arabia.

 

43. What is a Minaret?

A fortification assembled onto a mosque from the highest point of which the call to prayer is made.

 

44. Who is Muhammad P.B.U.H.?

This is the prophet of the Islamic faith and belief. He was born in A.D. 570 and passed away in A.D. 632.

 

45. What does Muslim mean?

A supporter of the religion of Islam. The one who presents their will to Allah (God).

 

46. What is Muharram?

Muharram which when translated means “banned, forbidden, prohibited or illicit”, is considered to be a month symbolizing peace and reflection for the Muslim community. Historically, keeping to its name, it is forbidden to wage wars during this month.

You can read more on the month of Muharram here.

 

47. What is Nikah?

The wedding contract between a bride and groom within the boundaries of Islamic marriage.

 

48. What is Niqab?

A veil that conceals the face.

 

49. What is P.B.U.H.?

An abbreviation that means "Peace Be Upon Him" which is appended to the Prophet's name at whatever point it is composed. In certain circles and English works, Sufis respect PBUH to connote "Peace and Blessings Upon Him" (the Rasul or Messenger of Allah). These are the essential English explanations of the P.B.U.H. abbreviation. The Arabic form is S.A.W.

 

50. What is Qiblah?

The direction or course where Muslims face when praying. It is directed towards Kabaa in Mecca is assigned in a place of prayer.

 

51. What is Qur’an?

The word Qur'an implies recitation. Muslims accept the Qur'an (Koran) to be the exacting expression of God and the perfection of God's disclosure to humankind, uncovered to Muhammad in the year AD 610 in the cavern Hira by the holy messenger Jibril. It is generally viewed as the best work in Arabic writing. The Quran is partitioned into sections, which are subdivided into stanzas.

 

52. What is Ramadan?

Being the ninth month in the Islamic calendar Ramadan is seen by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (sawm), prayer, and reflection. Fasting from dawn to dusk is fardh (compulsory) for every Muslim who is of age and not intensely or constantly sick, voyaging, older, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic, or menstruating. The predawn supper is alluded to as Suhur, and the daily dining experience that breaks the fast is called iftar.

 

53. What is Salah?

Salah is known as daily prayer and worship and additionally called salat and namaz. It is one of the Five Pillars in the Islamic belief and a compulsory religious obligation for each Muslim. It is a physical, mental, and profound demonstration of worship that is conducted multiple times each day at endorsed times. When they do this, they should face Mecca, towards the Qiblah.

 

54. What is Suhur?

Suhūr or suhoor is the meal that is eaten toward the beginning of the day by Muslims before fasting (sawm), before first light during or outside the Islamic month of Ramadan. The meal is eaten before fajr prayers. Suhur is coordinated to iftar as the night feast, during Ramadan, substituting the customary three meals every day.

 

55. What does Salaam mean?

A salutation, acknowledgment, greeting, or blessing denotes peace.

 

56. What is Shari'ah?

Shari'ah is Islamic law-the way or celestial way of acquiescence to God. It involves the works of the Qur'an and hadith and fills in as the guide for worship and moral living.

 

57. What does Subhan Allah mean?

"Glory to God" – this expression is frequently utilized when commending God or portraying amazement at His traits, bounties, or creation.

 

58. What is Shahadah?

It implies faith and belief. The Shahadah is the Muslim assertion of confidence in the unity of God and in Muhammad as his last Prophet. It is one of the five pillars of Islam that all Muslims need to follow to become a Muslim.

 

59. What is Umrah?

The minor pilgrimage compared to Hajj performed in Mecca. In contrast to hajj, umrah can be performed anytime throughout the year.

 

60. What does Wa ʿalaykum as-salām mean?

Signifying "and upon you be peace". (see As-Salamu Alaykum)

 

61. What is Wuḍūʾ?

Ablution for custom cleaning and purification from polluting influences before prayers.

 

62. What is Yā Allah?

Translates to “O, God!”

 

63. What is Zakat?

Zakat is a type of almsgiving treated in Islam as a religious commitment or tax. It is a religious obligation and social commitment. Installment is made every year under Islamic law on specific sorts of property and utilized for altruistic and religious purposes and is also one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

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