Embracing the Spirit of Generosity through Sadaqah ul-Fitr

By Halal Trip | 18, Apr, 2023
Embracing the Spirit of Generosity through Sadaqah ul-Fitr

The Sadaqah ul-Fitr is a cherished practice observed by Muslims worldwide during the holy month of Ramadan. Also known as Zakat ul Fitr, it is a fundamental aspect and a form of charitable giving that holds immense spiritual and social significance in Islam. Let's look at the meaning and importance of Sadaqah ul-Fitr, how it is calculated, its benefits, and how Muslims observe it as a time-honored tradition of generosity.

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Understanding the Meaning and Significance of Sadaqah ul-FitrUnderstanding the Meaning and Significance of Sadaqah ul-Fitr

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Sadaqah ul-Fitr is an obligatory act of charity for eligible Muslims who possess the financial means to give. It is a form of purifying the soul, seeking forgiveness, and fostering empathy towards less fortunate people. Sadaqah ul-Fitr holds deep spiritual and social significance in Islam and is considered an expression of gratitude and generosity towards Allah (SWT) and fellow human beings. As the holy month of Ramadan ends, Muslims are encouraged to give Sadaqah ul-Fitr, a specific form of charity, before Eid al-Fitr, the festival that marks the end of Ramadan


How to Give Sadaqah ul-Fitr

Giving Sadaqah ul-Fitr is a straightforward process. Once the amount has been calculated, it should be given to those in need before the day of Eid al-Fitr, preferably a few days in advance to ensure it reaches the intended recipients on time. It is encouraged to give Sadaqah ul-Fitr locally to benefit the needy in the community, but it can also be given to reputable charitable organizations that distribute it to those in need.


The Calculation and Amount of Sadaqah ul-Fitr

Calculating the amount of Sadaqah ul-Fitr is based on the value of staple food items, such as dates, raisins, wheat, barley, and other essentials. According to the Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) prescribed a specific amount of these staple food items that should be given as Sadaqah ul-Fitr. The current value of these food items or their equivalent cash value can be used for calculation purposes. 

Narrated Nafi`:

Ibn `Umar said, "The Prophet (ﷺ) made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, the payment of one Sa' of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (or said Sadaqa-Ramadan)." The people then substituted half Sa' of wheat for that. Ibn `Umar used to give dates (as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr). Once dates were scarce in Medina, Ibn `Umar gave barley. 'And Ibn `Umar used to give Sadaqat-ul- Fitr for every young and old person. He even used to give on behalf of my children. Ibn `Umar used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr to those officially appointed for its collection. People used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (even) a day or two before `Eid.

[Sahih al-Bukhari ]


Here are Zakat al-Fitrah rates for 2023 set by Islamic Religious Councils/Authorities of some countries: 

  • MALAYSIA: The rates are set by different State religious bodies. RM 7 per person is the lowest in all states and goes up to RM 21 at higher rates in some states.
  • PAKISTAN: The minimum amount of Zakat al-Fitr for 2023 has been fixed at Rs 320 per person by Darul Uloom Naeemia, Karachi.
  • SINGAPORE: The Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS) has announced that the Zakat al-Fitr rates in Singapore for Ramadan 1444H/2023 are S$5.00 (normal rate) and S$7.70 (higher rate) per person.
  • UAE: The UAE Fatwa Council announced that the amount for Zakat Al Fitr would be Dh25.
  • UK: Some organizations have set the rate at GBP 5 per person 
  • USA: Some organizations have set the rate at USD 10 per person 


Benefits of Giving Sadaqah ul-Fitr

Apart from fulfilling the obligatory act of charity, giving Sadaqah ul-Fitr has numerous spiritual and social benefits. Some of the benefits include:

  1. Purification of the Soul: Giving Sadaqah ul-Fitr purifies the soul by helping Muslims rid themselves of any sins or shortcomings committed during Ramadan. It is believed to cleanse the heart and soul, allowing Muslims to start anew with a purified state.
  2. Fostering Empathy and Compassion: Sadaqah ul-Fitr instills empathy and compassion towards the less fortunate. It reminds Muslims of their responsibility towards their fellow human beings, encouraging them to show kindness, generosity, and empathy toward those in need.
  3. Community Building: Sadaqah ul-Fitr promotes community building by creating a sense of solidarity among Muslims. It encourages Muslims to come together and support those in need, fostering a sense of brotherhood and sisterhood among believers.

Ibn ’Abbas (RAA) narrated, ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) enjoined Zakat-ul-Fitr on the one who fasts (i.e., fasted during the month of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer, and it is Sadaqah (i.e., voluntary charity) for the person who pays it after the Eid prayer.’ Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.


Who is eligible to receive and is obliged to give Sadaqah ul-Fitr?

Sadaqah ul-Fitr is meant to benefit the poor and needy, and it can be given to eligible Muslims who cannot meet their basic needs or those facing financial hardships. Giving locally in the community is recommended to ensure that it reaches those in genuine need. 

It is obligatory for eligible Muslims who possess the financial means to give, including adults who are mentally and financially capable and who have completed the fast of Ramadan.



Sadaqah ul-Fitr is an essential act of charity in Islam that holds deep spiritual and social significance. It purifies the soul, fosters empathy, promotes community building, and fulfills the obligation of giving to those in need. Muslims are encouraged to calculate and give Sadaqah ul-Fitr before Eid al-Fitr as an expression of gratitude, generosity, and compassion towards Allah (SWT) and fellow human beings. By giving Sadaqah ul-Fitr, Muslims can fulfill their religious duty and contribute to the betterment of their community and society as a whole.

In conclusion, Sadaqah ul-Fitr is a religious obligation and a means of promoting social welfare, fostering empathy, and strengthening the bond of brotherhood and sisterhood among Muslims. It is a powerful act of charity that benefits both the giver and the receiver, purifying the soul and bringing blessings and rewards from Allah (SWT). As Muslims observe the holy month of Ramadan, let us remember the significance of Sadaqah ul-Fitr and strive to fulfill this obligation with sincerity and generosity, enriching our faith and benefiting our communities. May Allah (SWT) accept our Sadaqah ul-Fitr and bless us all. Amin.

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