While most of the world uses the Gregorian calendar, Muslims also keep track of the Islamic Lunar calendar or the Hijri calendar. This calendar is essential for determining significant Islamic occasions and holidays. While it's hard for most of us to keep track of both calendars, having a general look at the dates of the Important Islamic Days of 2023 and 2024 gives us a sense of temporal awareness. Since the lunar year is shorter by 11 days than the solar year, the Hijri year always changes.
This article explores the most important Islamic dates for 2023 and 2024 to keep you spiritually and temporally aware.
1 Muharram 1445 takes place on Wednesday, 19 July 2023
1 Safar 1445 takes place on Thursday, 17 August 2023
1 Rabiulawal 1445 takes place on Saturday, 16 September 2023
1 Rabiulakhir 1445 takes place on Monday, 16 October 2023
1 Jamadilawal 1445 takes place on Wednesday, 14 November 2023
1 Jamadilakhir 1445 takes place on Thursday, 14 December 2023
1 Rajab 1445 takes place on Monday, 12 January 2024
1 Syaaban 1445 takes place on Tuesday, 11 February 2024
1 Ramadan 1445 takes place on Thursday, 11 March 2024
1 Shawwal 1445 takes place on Friday, 10 April 2024
1 Zulkaedah 1445 takes place on Sunday, 9 May 2024
1 Zulhijjah 1445 takes place on Monday, 8 June 2024
12 Rabiulawal 1445 – Begins in the evening of Thursday, September 28, and ends in the evening of Thursday, September 29 (depends on the area, for example, in Morocco, it's a 2-day celebration).
Mawlid Nabawi marks the birthday of the Prophet (SAW), a day of delight for most Muslims and is usually celebrated around the globe. In Morocco, festivals are usually held in the big cities that take 2-3 days to celebrate this special occasion.
28 Rajab 1445 – Ascension starts on Thursday, February 8, and ends on the evening of Saturday, February 9.
During the Isra and Miraj celebration, Muslims remember the occasion when the Prophet (SAW) rode the back of the buraq from Mecca to the Holy Land before ascending to the seven levels of heaven. In his Isra and Miraj chronicles, The Prophet (SAW) met the Prophets who came before him. The Prophet returned home with the instructions of the five daily prayers.
Muslims conduct sermons and read the Surat al-Isra from the Holy Quran to celebrate this occasion.
15 Syaaban 1445 - Celebrated on Sunday, February 25.
Nisfu Syaaban occurs the night between 14 and 15 Syaaban. This holiday is considered a night of divine mercy and serendipity. Muslims seek God's forgiveness throughout the night through rigorous zikr and prayer. Many people also fast during the day.
1 Ramadan 1445 – Starts on Thursday, March 11
Ramadan is the month of delight for all Muslims. We all wait for the next Ramadan to return as soon as we say goodbye to the current one.
Aside from the delightful spirit of this holy month, each new Ramadan is an opportunity to get closer to God through praying the Taraweeh, Giving zakat, charity, rigorous Quran study, and spiritual introspection. Ramadan is a temporal school that teaches us the art of living according to the standards of our faith.
17 Ramadan 1445 – Begins in the evening of Thursday, March 28, and ends in the evening of Saturday, March 29.
Nuzul Quran is the day of celebrating the first Quranic revelations. Also known as the Holy Qur’an Revelation Day, it's during this day that the Prophet (SAW) received his message from God (via the Angel Gibril) in the cave on Mount Hira, which is located near Mecca. The first Quranic revelation comes from surat Al-Alaq.
“Recite in the name of your Lord who created – Created man from a clinging substance. Recite and your Lord is the most Generous – Who taught by the pen – Taught man that which he knew not.” [Quran, 96: 1-5]
1 Shawwal 1445 - This takes place on Friday, April 10.
Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan. The day is declared when the first sight of the new moon can be seen in the sky, which means there will be no tarawih prayer that night. On the cheerful day of Eid Al-Fitr, you can hear the echoes of the takbeer all over the Muslim world. Eid Al-Fitr is also when families and loved ones get together.
10 Zulhijjah 1445 – Celebrated from sundown on Monday, June 17.
Eid al-Adha represents the celebration of the devotion of Ibrahim to God and his commands. He was willing to sacrifice his son, Ismail, for the sake of God, only to have him replaced by a lamb. Eid al-Adha is also an opportunity for silat al-rahim with loved ones and friends.
1 Muharram 1446 – This takes place on Monday, July 8.
The 1st moon of Muharram is the beginning day of a new lunar year cycle. This day's importance comes from commemorating the Prophet's (SAW) Hijrah chronicles when he left Mecca for Medina in 622 CE.
10 Muharram 1446 – Begins the evening of Wednesday, July 17.
TheDay of Ashuraa occurs on the tenth day of Muharram. It's a day that celebrates the chronicles of the Prophet Musa's (Moses) exodus to the land of Israel via the Red Sea. Escaped from the Pharaoh and his army, Musa led his people toward the promised land by splitting the sea. It's sunnah for us to fast and give sadaqah during this day.
On a final note, I hope 2023/1445 will be a good, pious year for you to enjoy life and get closer to God.