In 2022, Muslims around the world will embrace the change of Islamic year from 1443 Hijri to 1444 Hijri. The Islamic new year, 1st of Muharram 1444, will faIl on the 30th July. Islamic calendar or Hijri (ٱلتَّقْوِيم ٱلْهِجْرِيّ at-taqwīm al-hijrīy) consists of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. Each month changes when the new moon begins. Using this calendar, Muslims around the world determine the exact days of Islamic holidays and events. One of the primary Islamic events, Eid-ul Fitr or Hari Raya Puasa, is set by careful observation and calculation of the Hijri year.
As we look forward to 1441 Hijri, we certainly hope that everyone is safe and well. Through the year, we experience new things and learn from them to grow as better humans. Before we start, let us give a moment to perform a dua asking protection from Allah S.W.T.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْبَرَصِ، وَالْجُنُونِ، وَالْجُذَامِ، وَمِنْ سَيِّئِ الأَسْقَامِ
Allah humma inni a'udhu bika minal-barasi, wal-jununi, wal-judhaami, wa min sayyi'il-asqaami
"O Allah, I seek refuge in You from leprosy, insanity, elephantiasis, and the worst of diseases."
On the latest astronomical calculations by the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS), it is stated that Hari Raya Eid Al Fitr 1444 Hijri will fall on the 3rd of May, 2022. Making Hari Raya public holidays 2022 falls on later dates instead of May 2, 2020, which has been announced earlier in April. Hence, we might begin to wonder if other important Islamic days in Singapore are affected or changed. Therefore, let us look at this list of important Islamic dates of 2022 below.
1 Jamadilakhir 1443 will fall on Tuesday, 4 January 2022
1 Rejab 1443 will fall on Thursday, 3 February 2022
1 Syaaban 1443 will fall on Friday, 4 March 2022
1 Ramadan 1443 will fall on Sunday, 3 April 2022
1 Syawal 1443 will fall on Tuesday, 3 May 2022
1 Zulkaedah 1443 will fall on Wednesday, 1 June 2022
1 Zulhijjah 1443 will fall on Friday, 1 July 2022
1 Muharram 1444 will fall on Saturday, 30 July 2022
1 Safar 1444 will fall on Monday, 29 August 2022
1 Rabiulawal 1444 will fall on Wednesday, 28 September 2022
1 Rabiulakhir 1444 will fall on Thursday, 27 October 2022
1 Jamadilawal 1444 will fall on Saturday, 26 November 2022
1 Jamadilakhir 1444 will fall on Sunday, 25 December 2022
Now that we have the information about the exact date of the Islamic calendar 1443H-1444H (2022), we can continue to the next part which is the Islamic Holidays and Events in 2022.
27 Rajab 1443 – Tuesday, 1 March 2022
In this event, Muslims celebrate the night of Muhammad S.A.W.'s ascend to heaven with a winged horse called buraq. It carried Muhammad S.A.W. from Mecca to Jerusalem then ascend to the seven levels of heaven. There, Muhammad S.A.W. met several earlier prophets of Islam. Later then, he was brought home before the night was over. Ever since the happening, five daily prayers were set.
To celebrate Israk Mikraj, sermons and reading Surat al-Isra from the Holy Qur’an are held at mosques.
15 Syaaban 1443 - Friday, 18 March 2022
Nisfu Syaaban is a Muslims’ holiday that occurs on the night between 14 and 15 Syaaban. It is considered a night of forgiveness and fortune. This is the night where Muslims seek forgiveness from Allah S.W.T. for any past sins through offering voluntary prayers and zikr through the whole night. In Nisfu Syaaban, the whole month is a perfect time to practice Sunnah. All the prayers in this night are hoped to be accepted by God.
1 Ramadan 1443 – Sunday, 3 April 2022
In 2022, the holy month of Ramadan will start on the 3rd of April. On this first date of Ramadan month, Muslims begin to fast. During the entire month, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset every day. This month is meant for Muslims to return spiritually to Allah S.W.T. It is done by extra prayers like Taraweeh, zakat, generosity, intense Qur’an study, and having deep reflective thoughts of one’s relationship with Allah S.W.T.
17 Ramadan 1443 – Tuesday, 19 April 2022
Nuzul Quran is a day to celebrate the first words of the Qur'an that were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. This day is also known as the Holy Qur’an Revelation Day. Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. when he was in a cave on Mount Hira which is located nearby Mecca. It is when the angel Gabriel appeared and showed the first five lines of Surah Al-Alaq.
1 Syawal 1443 - Tuesday, 3 May 2022
Is Eid al-Fitr (Hari Raya) is a religious holiday that is celebrated by Muslims around the globe to mark the end of Ramadan. Eid al-Fitr officially starts when the first sight of the new moon can be seen in the sky. On this joyous day where takbeer echoed, the fundamental religious duties such as fasting from dawn to sunset finally end. Muslims celebrate Hari Raya by gathering or visiting their friends and family, also by performing Salah Eid.
10 Zulhijjah 1443 – Sunday, 10 July 2022
Eid al-Adha or Eid Adha, also known as Hari Raya Haji (Great Day of Sacrifice), is a festival commemorated by Muslims to honor the obedience of Ibrahim to God's command to sacrifice his son, Ismael. Before the sacrifice happened, God placed a lamb to be sacrificed instead of Ismael. To celebrate this day, Muslims perform salah Eid at mosques before carrying out the korban (livestock sacrifice). Similar to Eid al-Fitr, Muslims pay house visits to friends and families.
1 Muharram 1444 – Saturday, 30 July 2022
The Islamic New Year (the Hijri New Year/Arabic New Year) is the beginning day of a new lunar Hijri year. This day symbolizes the Muslim era starting point that coincides with Muhammad S.A.W. Hijrah from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE on the first of Muharram. On 30 July 2020, we will greet 1444 H and leave the 1443 H behind.
10 Muharram 1444 – Monday, 8 August 2022
Asyura (Ashura) occurs on the tenth day of Muharram each Hijri year. This day is a remembrance of the time when Prophet Musa was saved by Allah to lead the children of Israel to the land of Israel by parting the Red Sea. The children of Israel then escaped from Pharaoh and his army. On this day, it is sunnah for Muslims to perform fasting and sadaqah. It is believed that sadaqah on Asyura is equal to a year’s worth of sadaqah Pahala (reward).
12 Rabiulawal 1444 – Sunday, 9 October 2022
Mawlid (Maulid) is the day of Prophet Mohammad S.A.W.’s birthday remembrance for many Muslims in the world. In 2022, this event will be celebrated on the 12th of Rabiulawal, in the third month of the Hijri year. It will fall on the 9th of October 2022.
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to command us to fast the days of the white (nights): thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the month. He said: This is like keeping perpetual fast.
[Sunan Abi Dawud 2449: Book 14, Hadith 137]
The white days of each Islamic month in 2022
Let us welcome the coming months with positive nature and mind. Furthermore, let us also be enthusiastic about living the rest of the year with effort and full of happiness. Lastly, stay safe, stay with iman, and download HalalTrip on your mobile phone for more articles about Islam, holidays, and Halal travel. Not only that you could find articles, but you can also listen to podcasts, get prayer times, find nearby mosques and nearby Halal restaurants all in one app. Click here to download!